The Four Winds
The South Wind
Meaning: Wind of Forgetting
Commentary: Primeval, Harmful to man, when it blows, dizzies people with dust
Fortune: If someone’s door opens to the south – his heart will be happy.
The East Wind
Meaning: Wind of the Shining Mountain
Deity: Enlil, Anu
Commentary: which has caused the rain above to rain down its lightning, makes a man’s body waste awayNeumann
Fortune: wherever he goes […]
The North Wind
Meaning: Wind of upright advice
Deity: Adad, Ninurta, Ninlil, Sîn
Commentary: when mightily blowing splits open the broad land
Fortune: his income will be abundant.
The West Wind
Meaning: Wind of the western desert
Deity: Ea, Anu,
Commentary: Girra, evil, tirelessly brings devastation to the arallû-plains
Fortune: death will be determined for him.
u18-lu to forget (‘ears, understanding’ + ‘great storm’) (Halloran)
mar-tu desert (‘earthworm’? + ‘interfere’?) (Halloran)
The Sumerian concept of North, South, East and West is not the same as our modern one, as it was oriented based on the rivers, not based on the rotation of the earth. As such, each direction it is rotated 45° counterclockwise from their respective compass direction. (Neumann)
“en2-e2-Nu-Ru Explanation.” Enenuru, enenuru.net/html/cuneiform_magic/explanation.htm.
Halloran, John Alan. “Sumerian Lexicon: Version 3.0.” Sumerian Lexicon, Sumerian.org, 28 Aug. 2018, www.sumerian.org/sumerlex.htm.
Neumann, J. “The Winds in the World of the Ancient Mesopotamian Civilizations.” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 58, no. 10, 1977, pp. 1050–1055. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/26218411. Accessed 9 Feb. 2020.